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Congolese Mennonites close distance


An informal gather of Conference leaders and Mennonites in Kikwit. Second from left with back to the camera is Pelende, to his right Komuesa. Mubenga stands in the foreground on the right.

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April 25, 2008
-Timothy C. Lind with Deborah Froese

KINSHASA, Congo — Although the Democratic Republic of Congo is home to approximately 200,000 Mennonites and three Mennonite conferences, an ongoing war over resources coupled with transportation issues have kept those groups from meeting together – until recently.

Congo is the second largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, occupying some 2.3 million square kilometres – roughly the size of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta combined. Despite this vast area, Congo has only about 2250 kilometres of paved, all-weather roads. Of these, around half are in good condition – approximately the distance of a round trip between Winnipeg, MB and Medicine Hat, AB. Most roads are centred around the capital city, Kinshasa, leaving air transportation as the only option for long-distance travel in a country whose government has directed finances toward military initiatives rather than infrastructure.

With the encouragement and financial support of Mennonite Church Canada, Mennonite Mission Network (MMN) and Africa Inter-Mennonite Mission (AIMM), the leaders of the three Congo Mennonite conferences were able to make three fraternal visits by air to each others’ headquarters thousands of kilometres apart.

From February 16 – 19, Damien Pelende Tshinyama, president of Communauté des Eglises de Frères Mennonites au Congo (CEFMC), a Mennonite Brethren conference based in Kikwit, hosted Benjamin Mubenga wa Kabanga, president of Communauté Evangélique Mennonite (CEM) and Adolphe Komuesa Kalunga, president of Communauté Mennonite au Congo (CMCo). Earlier visits had taken the three leaders to Mbuji Mayi to visit the offices and churches of the CEM conference, and to Tshikapa, where the CMCo is centered.

Hippolyto Tshimanga, Mennonite Church Canada’s Facilitator for Mission Partnerships in Africa, said that through these visits, Pelende, Mubenga and Komuesa opened the door to building unity among Mennonites in Congo despite the distance between them. “We encouraged them to find ways of working together, to see what each church is doing,” Tshimanga said. “Maybe in the future they can work together to find common solutions for the challenges they face and work together with a common agenda.”

The three leaders, who began working more closely together through the new Partnership Council structure of Africa Inter-Mennonite Mission in 2004, recognized the need to be more aware of each others’ churches and contexts in order to develop stronger relationships as leaders and colleagues despite the distance between them.

“These visits have been very useful,” Komuesa explains. “They have reminded us that in the past there was more contact among our churches. The economic and political difficulties of Congo in the past decades have not only isolated us from our overseas partners but also from each other,” said Komuesa, making an oblique reference to challenged communications infrastructure.

Mubenga agrees that much has been learned from the exchange visits. As president of a church that does not have a history of foreign missionaries, he was impressed by the extensive infrastructure developed in the other conferences from their early mission-era history. “It was an encouragement to me to see what is possible,” he noted. “Especially I saw projects that are helping to provide a financial base for the churches.”

While the leaders did not discover major theological differences among them as Anabaptist-related churches, they did notice differences in culture and practice. “I saw in Kikwit that the CEFMC church uses young women to lead congregational singing,” Mubenga said. “This is a good way to involve more people, and something we can do in our churches as well.”

According to Pelende the visits have been a good start toward closer relations. “We are now planning a meeting to evaluate the steps taken so far, to see what comes next. Perhaps a common project or action can be initiated.” The leaders hope that their example will be followed by the members of their churches, and that greater unity at the grass roots level will result.

Sidebar: War over resources

The Democratic Republic of Congo is home to approximately 200,000 Mennonites and three Mennonite conferences.

There is an ongoing war over resources, primarily coltan – the colloquial African name for columbite-tantalite, a metallic ore used to produce the elements niobium and tantalum to make electronic devices such as laptops and cell phones. It is estimated the DR Congo holds 80% of the world’s coltan supply.

For more than a decade, Congo has been plagued by what some news media call the “forgotten war,” a conflict that has received little Western attention despite an estimated 5.4 million deaths. During this time, the Congolese government has directed finances toward military initiatives rather than infrastructure.