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The pursuit of peace a matter of faith


Leaders from a diverse cross-section of the Christian Church in Canada met with MP NDP Leader Jack Layton on Parliament Hill after a National Prayer Breakfast organized by parliamentarians. “If we do not change our direction we might end up where we are headed,” Layton told the group. From left to right: Louisa Bruinsma (Christian Reformed Church of North America), Michael Hogeterp (Chair of the CCC Commission on Justice and Peace), Jack Layton, Rev. Marion Hardy (United Church of Canada), Rev. Fr. Messale Engeda (Presiding Priest, Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church in the Western Hemisphere) Bishop Ron Fabbro (Conference of Catholic Bishops), Robert J. Suderman (General Secretary, Mennonite Church Canada)

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June 20, 2008
- Deborah Froese

OTTAWA, Ontario — The pursuit of peace is often mired in strategic questions about “how” but for Robert J. Suderman, General Secretary of Mennonite Church Canada, the real questions are more foundational.

If we acknowledge Jesus the Prince of Peace as Lord of our lives, what does that mean for our lives and for our churches? Given that Jesus chose strategies of suffering and non-violence, how does that shape our attitudes and ethics toward non-violence as disciples of Jesus?

In a paper presented to the Canadian Council of Churches (CCC) in Ottawa on May 16, 2008, Suderman addressed those questions from an Anabaptist perspective. His presentation, “The Church’s Witness to Peace,” was part of the CCC annual spring meeting.

An animated discussion among CCC members followed Suderman’s presentation. “What surprised me was that not a single response referred to the key foundational questions,” he said. Instead, conversation focused on the logistics of non-violence in a violent world.

Of the CCC’s 21 member churches, only the Society of Friends – the Quakers – and Mennonite Church Canada have pacifist identities. Suderman said that the other 19 member churches are passionately committed to peace, justice and reconciliation, agreeing that non-violence is the best option – but not always a workable one. “…so when somebody puts pacifism on their radar, I think the challenges of pacifism come flooding to the fore. Yes, pacifism is great – ‘but.’ It’s difficult to hear the question of a pacifist option because of the other ‘buts.’”

Despite different ways of interpreting scripture, Suderman reported that the topic of pacifism appeared to strike a chord with those in attendance. A consensus to continue the discussion was put on CCC’s fall agenda.

Although CCC Associate Secretary for the Commission on Justice and Peace, Peter Noteboom, was unable to hear all of Suderman’s presentation, he said that he was personally very pleased with what Suderman was bringing forward. “I’m interested to see how the conversation develops. We have a lot to learn about what it means to be a peace church.”

Noteboom expressed the desire for an ongoing discussion between traditional peace churches and those churches supporting the “just war” tradition. As he sees it, both traditions share a commitment to building peace and preventing war, yet each includes Christians and churches who are not fully committed to the practice of peacebuilding and have more to learn about it. He noted that there are some Christians whose perspective extends beyond the principles of “just war,” calling for the intentional use of violence to provoke an apocalypse and facilitate Christ’s return. Noteboom said that it would be important to include those Christians in the dialogue.

Louisa Bruinsma, a Christian Reformed Church (CRC) lay representative to the CCC meetings, noted that Suderman’s presentation made her reconsider her own personal perspectives. “I think I find myself walking to the beat of a slightly different drummer because of his presentation. And it’s somewhat scary, too, because Jesus’ beliefs were the death of him.”

Mike Hogeterp, Chair of the CCC Commission on Justice and Peace, suggested that the questions Suderman raised are critical for churches to think about in an age where issues of security are considered paramount. “I personally consider it to be a moral imperative that we in the west come to understand the implications of our insistence on absolute security [military and economic] for vulnerable people the world over. A subsequent reorientation of our lives and thinking would certainly have implications for our pursuit of God’s call to peace.”

Dialogue with CCC members is a step MC Canada is taking to engage Christians from different traditions in peace theology. Recently MC Canada offered its official support to the Canadian Department of Peace Initiative, a grassroots movement to advocate for a Federal Department of Peace. The upcoming MC Canada Annual Delegate Assembly in July will engage the national church in a discussion entitled Being a Peace Church: An Urgent Choice. This will build upon the peace statement affirmed at the Assembly in 2007, calling for peaceable action based on the affirmation that “peace is the will of God” and that we need to “witness to all people that violence is not the will of God.”

The CCC spring meeting included participation in the 43rd National Prayer Breakfast organized by parliamentarians to allow church leadership and policy makers the opportunity to pray together and to discuss issues of faith and public life in Canada.

The paper presented by Robert J. Suderman to the CCC is available online for congregational study:

Sidebar: A call to action

There are practical ways for congregations and individuals to more fully engage in peacemaking:

  • The “Every Church a Peace Church” movement encourages congregations from any tradition to become a peace church. See
  • Conscience Canada invites individual Canadian taxpayers to divert the portion of their taxes that support military engagement. See
  • Christian Peacemaker Teams asks “What would happen if Christians devoted the same discipline and self-sacrifice to nonviolent peacemaking that armies devote to war?” CPT recruits peace ‘reservists’ and trains them how to walk with victims of violence in some of the world’s hotspots. See
  • To learn about Canada’s history of alternatives to military service, see
  • A Christian Declaration on Peace, War, and Military Service can be found at
  • To learn about conscientious objection to military service, see To learn about a conscientious objection registry, visit

These resources and more can all be found in one central location at

Sidebar: Canadian Council of Churches

The Canadian Council of Churches whose motto is “Listening and Learning Together in Christ” has 21 member churches: