Schoenwiese   (p. 45)


The village of Schoenwiese was settled in 1797 by seventeen families who had come to Chortitza from Prussia during the years 1793 to 1796. They were members of the Frisian Mennonite Church. The proximity to an urban market, a river harbour and after 1875 a railway station, made it possible for profitable industries such as market gardens, flour mills and farm machine manufacturing plants to develop.

The first aeroplane flown in Russia was built in the two Hildebrandt factories in Schoenwiese and Chortitza. The plane, HUP II, was designed, built and launched in 1909 by three Mennonite boys aged seventeen to twenty, Kornelius Hildebrandt, Peter Unruh and Heinrich Plenert.