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Frequent questions about Study, Renewal and Service Leaves for pastors
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1. Why should a pastor take a leave?
Study, renewal and service leaves ("sabbaticals") for pastors are good for the pastor, good for the congregation, good for the Church. Pastors stay longer and serve with greater enthusiasm if their ministry includes opportunities to learn and exposure to other ministries. They experience spiritual refreshment, new vision, strengthened skills and wider perspectives. Congregations benefit from a chance to exercise lay leadership gifts or to experience the ministry of an interim pastor during the leave. When the pastor returns the congregation experiences better pastoral leadership and longer service. The whole church benefits by having better leadership, cross-congregational sharing of perspectives and ideas, and greater satisfaction in ministry for those in whom the church has invested time, money and energy in training for leadership.
A leave is not an entitlement for pastors, but a part of the congregations and the pastors strategy for enhancing ministry. It is not a reward for past service, but an investment in future ministry. It need not be an added financial burden for the church nor a financial set-back for the pastor and her/his family, but a different opportunity for sharing in building up one another for the greater benefit of all.
2. What results might a leave produce?
Study leaves for pastors may serve several purposes. For some it will be an opportunity to complete a seminary degree or to pursue post-seminary studies. For others, specialized studies can develop skills in particular areas of ministry, perhaps needs identified through an evaluation process. All pastors need to be students of the scriptures, of the teachings of the church and of the world throughout their whole lives. All pastors can improve their ministry through additional training in pastoral skills (preaching, counseling, conflict mediation, etc.). Many pastors would also benefit from studies that are not directly related to ministry but which provide a more rounded understanding of the world outside the church. It is assumed that all pastors regularly attend short-term seminars and workshops, but longer blocks of study time are also important.
Although study leaves are more common, other kinds of renewal leaves can also contribute to ones ministry. Pastors have gifts and interests that are not fully exercised in any one congregation. Sometimes pastors families resent the amount of time and energy that the pastor invests in congregational life. Congregations sometimes become bored or over familiar with one pastors style, gifts and perspectives. These factors lead to shortened ministries and more frequent moves. An alternative is a short-term leave or exchange that re-invigorates the pastor, re-interests the congregation and opens new possibilities for the pastors family.
In addition, the larger church can benefit from pastors who are available for short-term assignments. Mission and educational institutions can use the energy of a pastor on leave. Congregations and other institutions that receive the ministry of pastors on leave can be encouraged to new life. The exchange of ideas, gifts and resources can strengthen the corporate witness of the Church of Jesus Christ.
3. What kinds of leaves are there?
1 Study Leave
A study leave is not a vacation. It is undertaken to work on a particular learning goal. Usually it involves completion of a defined academic course or program, seminar or study tour. Occasionally a self-directed program of reading and study is appropriate, but the purpose should be clearly defined in advance and some form of reporting (e.g., publication of a document or presentation of a seminar) should be the result. The length of the leave could range from a few weeks to several months or a full year. Some study leaves take the form of a reduced work load while continuing in ministry, but the preferred model is a complete suspension of pastoral duties during the leave.
2 Rest and Spiritual Renewal Leave
Spiritual renewal and rest should be planned as part of every leave, but sometimes a leave should be taken for this purpose alone. After an extended or particularly intense time of pouring themselves out for the church, pastors often need time (several weeks or more) to replenish their spiritual resources through prayer and reflection. Even Jesus needed to do this from time to time (see Luke 5:15-16). Such a leave will often include time spent at a retreat centre and might involve reading, rest, physical exercise, spiritual disciplines, keeping a journal and worship. There should be clear goals for a such a leave, and accountability through formal spiritual direction and preparing a concluding report.
3 Service Leave
Congregations have released pastors for a service leave when the pastor has a particular expertise or interest that is needed for a time by another part of the church. Examples include overseas service or short-term service in another church agency or institution, such as interim teaching or administrative assignments, return trips to other countries previously served or helping to start a new ministry. The form and length of such leaves varies greatly.
4 Special Assignment
Pastors sometimes are released by their congregation for short periods (usually not more than one month) to work on a special assignment. Examples include writing Sunday School curriculum or other materials, visiting other churches and ministries or assisting in the development of a local service ministry.
5 Pastoral Exchange
Some pastors have been able to participate in a short-term (often two to six months, though it could be longer) exchange with another pastor. Usually these are international or cross-cultural exchanges where pastors and their families trade homes and jobs while retaining their own salaries. Exchanges allow both congregations an opportunity to experience the ministry from a person of another culture while giving the pastors family a chance to experience another part of the church.
4. How long is a leave?
Many factors influence the answer to this: the purpose of the leave, family circumstances, financial considerations, congregational needs. The leave must be long enough to achieve its goal. Often that is three months or more. Experience indicates that after a leave of a year it may be difficult to re-connect and the pastor or congregation may soon want a permanent change.
5. How often might this happen?
It is wise for a congregation to expect a leave to happen on a regular basis. Some churches plan for a short leave (two to four months) at the beginning of each new term of service (usually three to five years). In other cases it is a longer leave (perhaps six months) after seven or ten years of ministry.
6. How much will it cost, and who will pay?
Some leaves are self-supporting. An exchange leave, for example, involves few financial changes for the congregation and modest expenses for the pastors family. It may be necessary for a Canadian congregation to pay some travel costs for a pastors family from a less wealthy part of the world to come to Canada. A service leave or special assignment may be paid for by the receiving agency or institution, or the pastors salary and other expenses could be paid by the congregation as a way of sharing in the larger mission of the church.
A study leave or a leave for rest and spiritual renewal does not offer similar possibilities for funding. Typically for a leave of less than three months the congregation continues to pay the full salary. For a longer leave it is common practice in congregations (comparable to schools and other institutions) to continue to pay a portion (often 66% or 75%) of the pastors salary, all the usual benefits, and sometimes at least a portion of the costs of tuition or related expenses. Additional financial support is available through some of the Canadian area conferences. Support for formal study in an extended study leave may be available through the "Company of 1000" Study Reserve Fund managed by the Mennonite Church Canada Denominational Minister. The pastors family usually incurs some expenses related to educational expenses and perhaps a temporary move in addition to any salary reduction.
7. Who will be our pastor during the leave?
In the case of a short leave (up to three months) congregations usually arrange for members to cover the pastoral duties, thus incurring few additional expenses. If lay leadership is not available or in the case of a longer leave it is common to engage an interim pastor, often at less than full time. This helps to reduce the cost; but an even greater advantage is the chance for members to try out gifts that they wouldnt otherwise have a chance to exercise. Most churches find it a good growing experience and a lot of fun (though tiring if it goes too long).
8. Will the pastor come back?
Usually a pastor returns refreshed and eager to carry on in ministry in this congregation. Often that expectation is built into the leave agreement, for example, an obligation to serve one year or to complete a contract term after the leave. Usually the pastor returns with renewed passion and enhanced skills. Pastors who take periodic leaves usually stay longer in their congregations. Occasionally a pastor (or a congregation) will realize during a leave that it is time for a permanent change. Little advantage is gained by insisting on fulfilling the term when there is no enthusiasm for it.
Congregations that see their ministry as part of the larger work of the church sometimes provide financial support for a pastor to take a shorter (two to three months) study or spiritual renewal leave at the end of her/his service to that congregation, especially if the ministry has been more than ten years long. This enables a better start to be made in the pastors next assignment and may be less disruptive and cause fewer transitions for the congregation than a leave followed by a short return and then moving on to another ministry.
9. What happens to the pastors family?
Family considerations are very important in deciding the timing, length, location and focus of the leave. A well-planned leave that involves the pastors family in the planning will renew family life and encourage the pastors spouse and children to support a return to ministry with enthusiasm. It will be to a congregations advantage to ensure that a leave does not place excessive financial or other burdens on the pastors family.
10. What should a congregation do?
Talk about your approach to pastoral leaves before your pastor asks for one. Recognize and anticipate the advantages you will enjoy as a result of a well-planned leave for the pastor. When you call a new pastor or renew a contract with a pastor include plans for a leave. (Some congregations set aside money every year so there is a fund available after six or seven years to cover the costs of a leave.) Develop a policy on frequency, length, costs etc. to guide discussion of specific proposals, but build in room for flexibility according to a particular pastors needs and circumstances. Be open to adjustments the policy if circumstances warrante.g., an opportunity or invitation for a service leave or exchange arises or it becomes evident that the pastor needs a spiritual renewal leave. When you receive a proposal for a leave, negotiate details with the pastor to everyones advantage and write up an agreement.
11. What should a pastor do?
Talk with your congregational leaders about a policy on leaves. If there isnt a policy, begin working on one within the usual decision-making structures of your congregation. If you are considering a call to a new pastoral assignment or renewing a contract, negotiate a policy (or at least a commitment to work at a policy) with your memorandum of understanding.
Once there is a policy in place, consider whether you need a leave soon. (It is best to plan a year in advancelonger if it is your congregations first experience with this.) Talk with your spouse and children, if appropriate, and pray about the opportunities for you and the congregation. Get counsel from colleagues, the conference minister and other people about the best way to use a leave. Develop a specific proposal to present to congregational leaders. Define what kind of leave you want; what you and the congregation will gain from it; how you will be accountable for the results; when and where it might happen and so on.
After your leave, report to congregational leaders and the whole congregation how the experience influenced you continuing ministry. After a longer leave, expect some awkwardness around returning to the congregation. Prepare yourself and your family for this and work with the congregation to plan an appropriate celebration and re-entry program upon your return.
12. Where can we get more counsel on planning a leave for our pastor?
Contact your area conference ministerial leadership office or the Mennonite Church Canada Denominational Minister. See the Canadian Mennonite of February 2, 1998, Clergy Journal, February 1997 and Eugene Peterson, "Desert and Harvest: A Sabbatical Story" in The Contemplative Pastor: Returning to the Art of Spiritual Direction (Word, 1989) for related stories.